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JAMB Home Economics Syllabus for 2021/2022 | Download PDF

Jamb Home Economics Syllabus for 2021 Utme Exam is out. The main aim of the syllabus is to help students prepare very well for the upcoming 2021 Jamb CBT Exam.

jamb home economics syllabus

JAMB Home Economics Syllabus 2021

The syllabus is broadly covers topics from:

  1. CLOTHING & TEXTILE
  2. FOODS & NUTRITION
  3. HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION
  4. HOME MANAGEMENT

Now the detailed topics, area of focus and what candidates are expected to know after reading each topic…

(a) CLOTHING & TEXTILE

This topic have three (3) sub-topics. They include:

(i) FIBRES AND FABRICS

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Origin of fibres – definition of textile terms, eg fibres, fabrics, yarn, staple, filament, blends, etc.
(b) Locally made fabric e.g. aso-oke, Okene cloth, Benue cloth, akwete, gwado etc.
(c) Classification and properties of fibres e.g cotton, rayon and silk.
(d) Fabric finishes: moth-proofing, embossing, durable pleating, flame-proofing and stain-repellant print e.g tie and dye, screen printing etc.
(e) Textile labelling:
– meaning and types.
– recognition of washing, cleaning and ironing symbols, wool symbols.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between weaves using diagrams.
ii. determine the characteristics of fabrics.
iii. identify reasons for giving finishing to fabrics.
iv. compare types of labels found on clothing.
v. state the uses and importance of locally made fabric.
vi. assess the importance of label on garments.

(ii) LAUNDRY AND CARE OF CLOTHES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Washing and finishing process, sorting, mending, removal of stains, soaking, rinsing, drying and ironing.
(b) Laundry agents – water, detergents, soaps, stiffness and disinfectants.
(c) Stain:
i. meaning, types, removing agents.
ii. process of removal.
(d) Iron and ironing temperatures.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. arrange in correct order the processes involved in the washing and finishing of clothing.
ii. compare the role of stiffeners and disinfectants in laundry work.
iii. suggest ways of removing common stains.
iv. differentiate between the following:
– laundry agents
– stains
– ironing temperatures.

(iii) SEWING EQUIPMENT AND GARMENT CONSTRUCTION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Sewing machine, basic tools and equipment
– types, parts, use and its care.
(b) Basic process in garment construction e.g basic stitches, seams edge finishes, crossway strips.
(c) Style features e.g collars, yokes, pockets, frills, cuts and belts.
(d) Arrangement of fullness e.g darts, tuck gathering, pleats, smocking and shirring.
(e) Decorative design, decorative stitches, needlecraft e.g tarting, crocheting, knitting, appliqué patch work and soft toys.
(f) Simple processes and mend garments e.g patching, darning and renovation, batik/tie and dye.
(g) Garment construction
– figure types, basic body measurement and pattern drafting
– choice of styles for different figures
– factors influencing the choice of fabric.
(h) Wardrobe planning and maintenance
– basic rules in wardrobe planning
– factors affecting wardrobe planning, weather, occupation, personal features.
(i) good grooming, dress sense and accessories
– definition

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify the types and parts of a sewing machine.
ii. identify basic tools and equipment used in garment construction.
iii. describe various process in garment construction.
iv. apply basic process in garment construction.
v. determine style features on garments.
vi. determine style features to enhance the beauty and quality of garments.
vii. apply decorative designs on fabrics.
viii. differentiate between types of household clothing using various designs.
ix. apply the knowledge of sewing to mend and renovate garments.
x. compare the process of making batik/tie and dye.
xi. relate body figures to the selection of styles and fabrics.
xii. determine factors which affect the choice of clothing.
xiii. identify factors to consider in wardrobe planning.
ivx. compare the following terms:
– good grooming
– dress sense
– accessories
– colour harmony

(b) FOODS & NUTRITION

This topic has 10 sub-topics.

(i) BASIC MIXTURES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Pastries/Batters.
(b) Definition/uses.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between batters and pastries.
ii. use batters and pastries for different purposes.

(ii) COOKERS AND COOKING

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types, choice and care of cookers e.g. gas, electric, microwave, etc.
(b) Reasons for cooking
(c) Cooking terms
(d) Methods of cooking e.g. boiling, stewing, baking, steaming etc.
– moist and dry methods of cooking
(e) Methods of heat transfer e.g. conduction, convection and radiation.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. suggest reasons for cooking food.
ii. identify types of cookers, their choice and care.
iii. group the methods of cooking into the following:
– Moist methods
– Dry methods
– Fast methods
– Slow methods
iv. determine the method of heat transfer in the various methods of cooking.

(iii) FLOURS AND USES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types and uses of flour.
(b) Raising agent e.g air, yeast, palm wine, steam, etc.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify types of flours and their uses.
ii. select appropriate raising agents for basic mixtures.
iii. use flour to produce assorted food items.

(iv) FOOD STORAGE AND PRESERVATION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Meaning and purpose of preservation
– causes of food spoilage
– principles of food preservation
– methods of food preservation.
(b) Convenience foods
– definition and types
– guidelines for selection
– additives to convenience foods.
(c) Food additives
– Types and uses
(d) Rechauffe dishes
– meaning, rules and types
– advantages and disadvantages of rechauffe dishes.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify agents of food spoilage.
ii. analyse the principles involved in the preservation and storage of foods.
iii. compare the advantages and disadvantages of food preservation.
iv. identify convenience foods.
v. compare the advantages and disadvantages of using convenience foods.
vi. determine guidelines for selecting convenience foods.
vii. identify additives used in foods.
viii. compare the advantages and disadvantages of rechauffe dishes.

(v) FOODS AND NUTRITION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Definition of food and nutrition:
i. Classification of nutrients, their source and function, deficiency diseases.
ii. Classification of foods, cereals, fats and oils, sugars, milk and milk products, meat, fish pulses, nuts, fruits and vegetables.
(b) Nutrition and health:
i. Relation of nutrition and health.
ii. Factors affecting good nutrition e.g. income, food in season, availability of food etc.
(c) The digestive system.
(d) Nutrition for special groups e.g. infants, toddlers, adolescents, manual workers, etc.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between the following terms: food nutrients, carbohydrates, mineral elements. fatty acids enzymes, metabolism and digestion.
ii. analyse the process which break down large food molecules.
iii. recommend the nutritional need for special groups.
iv. determine the reasons for the nutritional needs of the following:
– expectant/ lactating mothers
– sedentary /manual workers
– children between 5 and 8 years
– adolescents.
v. identify factors affecting good nutrition.

(vi) HOME GARDENING

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Definition.
(b) Common gardening tools.
(c) Advantages of home gardening.
(d) Types of soil.
(e) Plants and crops suitable for home garden.
(f) Preparation and care of home garden.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. determine the procedure involved in home gardening.
ii. identify gardening tools.
iii. assess the economic importance of home gardening.

(vii) MEAL PLANNING

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Principles of meal planning.
(b) Dietary needs and meals for special occasions and groups.
(c) Preparation and serving of meals.
(d) Snacks and beverages
– meaning, types and functions.
(e) Table setting, table manners and hostessing.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

Candidates should be able to:

i. identify factors that influence the choice and preparation of food for the family.
ii. plan meals for special occasions e.g. weddings, birthdays, anniversaries, etc.
iii. plan meals for special groups e.g. vegetarians, invalids convalescence, HIV/AIDS, etc.
iv. identify types of snacks/beverages and their functions.
v. compare types of table setting.
iv. determine the qualities of a good hostess.

(viii) SAFETY AND HYGIENE

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Common accidents in the home
– causes of accidents in the home/ preventive measures.
(b) First Aid; definition/components of a first aid kit
– simple first aid for burns, scalds, cuts bruises, bleeding, electric shock, poisoning, chocking and bites.
(c ) Kitchen, personal and food hygiene
– Communicable and non-communicable disease.
(d) Sense organs and care
– Exercise and cosmetics.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify common accidents in the home, their causes and preventive measures.
ii. suggest ways of making the home a safe place to live in.
iii. specify items which should be included in a first aid kit.
iv. suggest simple first aid for scalds, cuts, bleeding, burns etc.
v. detect ways in which food is contaminated.
vi. compare communicable and non-communicable diseases and their preventive measures.
vii. determine the effect of exercise and cosmetics on the skin.
viii. describe the structure of the sensory organs.
ix. suggest ways of taking care of the sensory organs.

(ix) SCIENTIFIC METHODS IN FOODS AND NUTRITION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Measure units and accuracy.
(b) Various nutrients test in food e.g. test for protein, fats and carbohydrates.
(c) Recipe development.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. develop basic recipes in food preparation.
ii. demonstrate skills in unit measurements.
iii. detect the nutrient in a given food.

(x) THE KITCHEN

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types of kitchen.
(b) Arrangement.
(c) Tools and equipment.
(d) Selection, use and care.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. compare large and small kitchen equipment and tools.
ii. determine factors to consider in selecting tools and equipment.

(c) HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION

This topic has three sub-topics.

(i) AREAS/CAREERS IN HOME ECONOMICS

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Home Management:

– Interior decoration.
– Credit management.
– Florist.
(b) Foods and Nutrition:
– Catering.
– Dietetics.
– Nutritionist.
– Public Health Education.
(c) Clothing and Textile:
– Fashion designing.
(d) Family and Child development:
– Early and childhood education.
(e) Teaching.
(f) Counseling.
(g) Media.
(h) Research.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. recommend possible vocations in the different areas of Home Economics.
ii. relate skills required to each vocation.
iii. assess the benefits of each vocation to the individual and society.
iv. identify current vocations in Home Economics.
v. identify sources of career information.

(ii) HOME ECONOMICS

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Meaning, scope and importance of Home Economics.
(b) Objectives and ideals of Home Economics.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. examine the importance of Home Economics to the individual, family and society.
ii. identify the objectives of Home Economics.
iii. determine the scope of Home Economics.

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(iii) INTERRELATIONSHIP OF HOME ECONOMICS WITH OTHER SUBJECTS

Candidates should focus on: Biology, Geography, Chemistry, Physics, Agricultural Science, Fine Arts, Economics, Mathematics etc.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. compare the different areas of study from which Home Economics derive its knowledge.
ii. determine the contributions of these subject to Home Economics.

(d) HOME MANAGEMENT

This topic has 9 sub-topic.

(i) CONSUMER EDUCATION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Meaning and importance of consumer education
(b) Definition and types of market
(c) Distributors or consumer agents
(d) Sources of consumer information
(e) Purchasing practices
(f) Advertising
(g) Consumer rights and responsibilities
(h) Government agencies and regulatory bodies

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify the types of media used by advertisers.
ii. assess its advantages and disadvantages.
iii. determine sources of consumer, advice and information.
iv. apply the principles of consumer education to wise shopping.
v. analyse the rights and responsibilities of the consumer.
vi. identify the government agencies regulatory bodies and their functions.

(ii) FAMILY LIVING

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Definition and types of family
i. Advantages and disadvantages of family types
ii. The family life cycle
(b) Family relationships
– husband/wife relationship, parent/child relationship, brother/sister or sibling relationships
– factors that influence family relationship
(c) Basic personality profiles
– meaning of personality
– extroversion, introversion and anxiety/ stability
(d) Adolescents and their problems
(e) Family crises
(f) Conflict and conflict resolution
(g) Human right
i. Meaning of human right and fundamental human right
ii. Right of women and children
iii. Violation of human right
(h) Communication and role of ICT in the Family

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. compare types of family.
ii. assess the effect of family life cycle on family living.
iii. differentiate between the types of relationships that exist in the family.
iv. determine the factors that influence family relationships.v. assess the influence of family size on family relationships.
vi. identify characteristics and problems of adolescents.
vii. compare the basic personality profiles (extrovert, introvert).
viii. identify types of family crises and ways of solving them.
ix. identify sources of conflict and solution strategies.
x. identify types of human right and human right violation.
xi. suggest remedies for breach of human rights.
xii. identify factors that hinder communication in the family.
xiii. determine factors that enhance communication in the family.
xiv. identify the advantages and disadvantages of ICT.

(iii) HOME SURFACES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types and care of surface and coverings e.g. wood, tiles, formica, concrete plastics, linoleums, mats, rug and terrazzo.
(b) Identification, preparation and use of cleaning agents such as water, soap, abrasives and polish.
(c)Care of home surfaces and coverings e.g. washing, sweeping, dusting, shampooing, buffing and polishing.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify common surfaces in the homes.
ii. suggest cleaning agents and their uses in the home.
iii. identify materials needed for preparing local cleaning agents.
iv. compare the care of the following:
– wood
– plastic
– concrete
– rugs
– mats
– linoleum

(iv) HOUSING THE FAMILY

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Houses and home
– types of houses
– factors that affect the choice of a house
– ways of acquiring a house
(b) Interior decoration- wall finishing and the application of principles of art and design to
– colours
– textures
– lines and
– proportions
– flower arrangements
(c) Furniture and furnishings in the home
– types
– factors that affect choices and position.
(d) Utilities in the Home
i. Water – source, uses, purification etc.
ii. Household fuels e.g gas, coal, kerosene, fire wood and sawdust
iii. Electricity – related terms, generation, safety etc.
iv. Communication devices e.g. GSM, computer

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between a house and a home.
ii. determine the factors that influence residential choice.
iii. identify items that beautify living areas.
iv. suggest suitable colours, textures and other related factors that should be considered in interior decoration.
v. determine factors that influence choice and arrangement of furniture.
vi. compare different floral arrangements.

(v) MARRIAGE/SEX EDUCATION

Candidates should focus on:

Meanings of marriage and sex education.
(a) Boy/Girl relationship:
– courtship.
– factors to consider when choosing a partner.
(b) Preparation for marriage:
– meaning and purpose of engagement.
– types of marriage; Islamic, Christian, Court and Traditional.
– planning a family.
(c) Reproductive health:
– sexually transmitted infections/ diseases (STIs/STDs and HIV/AIDS).

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between types of marriages in Nigeria.
ii. compare the advantages and disadvantages of inter-tribal marriages.
iii. analyse the role of courtship and engagement in marriages.
iv. examine the different ways of planning a family.
v. identify types, causes and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and diseases.

(vi) PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Menstruation, pregnancy and childbirth, labour delivery and post-natal care.
(b) Childcare, baby’s layette care of the baby, bathing, feeding etc.
(c) Care of toddlers:
– common ailments in children.
– immunization.
(d) child development.
– stages, social and emotional.
– good habits and character training.
– play and play materials.
(e) Parenting:
– meaning and importance.
– responsibilities of parents.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. describe the process from conception to birth.
ii. determine the care an infant needs from birth to 5 years.
iii. determine the factors that affect pregnancy.
iv. analyse complications that arise during labour.
v. differentiate between the stages of labour.
vi. identify the symptoms of common ailments in children.
vii. differentiate between the types of play materials.
viii. trace the stages of development I children.
ix. recommend suitable play materials for children.
x. identify responsibilities of parenting.

(vii) PRINCIPLES OF HOME MANAGEMENT

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Meaning of Home Management.
(b) Steps in the management process.
(c) Decision-making: meaning and process.
(d) Motivation for Home Management e.g. goals, values, standards, needs and wants, likes and dislike.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i.highlight the meaning of Home Management.
ii. identify steps involved in the management process.
iii. determine issues for decision-making in the home.
iv. examine the role of motivators in home management.

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(viii) RESOURCES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Human Resources: definition and types
i. Time management; definition/ types:
– types of worktime
– factors influencing the use of time
– advantages of time management
ii. Energy, definition and reasons for energy management
– work simplification – its purpose
– guidelines for work simplification and time saving gadgets
iii. Skills, creativity, attitudes etc.

(b) Material Resource: definition/types
– income and money management
– meaning and types of income
– principles of money management
– household budgeting; steps in making a budget
– economic security of the family
– bank accounts
– traditional savings, building societies and insurance.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify the resources available to the individual and family.
ii. determine the steps involved in household budgeting.
iii. examine ways of family saving.
iv. apply the principle of time management to work simplification in the home.
v. examine the sources of income available to an individual.
vi. give reasons for saving family income.
v. examine the sources of income available to an individual.
vi. give reasons for saving family income.
vii. suggest alternative resources for home management
viii. analyse the principles of money management.

(ix) SANITATION IN THE HOME

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Drainage systems – types and care.
(b) Disposal of household refuse.
(c) Household pests and control.
(d) Pollution and health hazards.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. differentiate between the types of liquid household refuse.
ii. suggest ways of disposing household refuse.
iii. identify common household pests and their control.
iv. identify some disease transmitted by pests.
v. examine sources of pollution.
vi. determine the health hazards of pollution.

JAMB APPROVED BOOKS FOR HOME ECONOMICS

Below are the recommended text-books for candidates who will write Home Econs in UTME. The title of the books are in bold.

  1. Anfani-Joe, M.E. and Ogunjide, L.O. (1993) Home Management for Senior Secondary School 1 – 3 , Ibadan: University Press Plc.
  2. Anyakoha, E.U. and Eluwa, M. (1990) Home Management for Schools and Colleges , Onitsha: Africana FIRST Publishers.
  3. Anyakoha, E.U (2006) Home Economics for Junior Secondary Schools Books 1 – 3 , Onitsha Africana FIRST Publishers.Neil, A and Hesmondhalgh, Z. (1985) A Complete Revision Course for O’Level and GCE, Revised Home Economics , Charles Co. Ltd.
  4. Ogunjide, L.O., Egbuchulam, B., Eyisi, O. Anifani-Joe, M.E and Olusanya, J.O. (1993) Clothing and Textiles for Senior Secondary Schools 1 – 3 , Ibadan: University Press Plc.
  5. Olusanya, J.O., Eyis, O., Anfani-Joe, M.E., Ogunjide, L.O. and Egbuchlam, B. (1990) Foods and Nutrition for Secondary Schools Books 1 – 3 , Ibadan: University Press Plc.
  6. Olusanya, J. O., Olojala, S. O., Bala, F and Eyisi, O. (2000) Exam Focus, Food and Nutrition for WASSCE and SSCE , Ibadan: University Press Plc.
  7. Wisdomline Pass at Once, JAMB.
  8. You’re also adviced to utilize the The Internet.


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